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By eating habits particular MIS use and their relationship to decision support capabilities, we aim to determine which factors companies should consider in management of MIS in order to translate MIS results into optimal decisions.

In this sense, our conceptual study is one among few studies exploring the significance of MIS Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA strategy and decision-making in an organizational context. In the first section, we present the development of MIS to satisfy organizational needs. Next, we explore the concept of decision support capabilities and factors which lead to their development. Finally, use of MIS in developing decision Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA capabilities is conceived by answering why and how MIS utilization improves decision support capabilities.

Preliminarily, it is inherent to state that decision-making is an integral part of any business. This is because a majority of operations in an organization revolve around decisions made Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA the management and other key stakeholders in the organization.

And in order for decision to be made adequately, it is vital for there to be a good Management Information System since decisions are based on information available. As a notable general observation, a good MIS ensures good decision-making just Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA the same way bad MIS propel the making of bad decisions.

MIS provides a fitting platform for good decision-making (Kumar, 2006). Essentially, without the established systems of getting information in MIS, it would be extremely difficult for organizations to make their decisions. This is because they would be forced to making baseless information due to the lack of confirmed information.

Moreover, MIS normally lays a firm foundation for the establishment of concrete decisions through its systematic tools, timely information and adequate managerial policies and regulations.

As a result, managers and key decision makers are bridled from overstepping their boundaries or exceeding their business mandate. This is very crucial as it helps in keeping businesses checked and balanced thus ensuring that only proven decisions are considered while the untried ones are thwarted.

More importantly, the capacity to guide decision-making facilitates progress and improvement of the operations in a company (Lingham, 2013).

Transaction Processing Systems (TPS) are designed to handle Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA large volume of routine, recurring transactions. They were first introduced in the 1960s with the advent of mainframe computers. Transaction processing systems are used widely today. Banks use them to record deposits Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA payments into accounts.

Supermarkets use them to record sales and track inventory (Hashem, 2003). Most managers use these systems to deal with tasks such as payroll, customer Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA and payments to suppliers. Some examples of TPS are Payroll Systems, Order Processing Systems, Reservation Systems, Stock Control Systems, Payments and Fund Transfer System.

Their role is to produce information for other systems, cross boundaries (internal and external) and they are used by operational personnel in supervisory levels and are efficiency oriented (Galliers and Leidner, 2014).

According to Anderson et al. Management Information Systems are management-level systems that are used by middle managers to help ensure the smooth running of the organization in the sprain the ankle to medium term.

The role of MIS is to support relatively structured decisions based on internal information flows. Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA are flexible with little analytical capacity, are mainly used by lower and middle managerial levels. Such MIS Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA with the past and present rather than the future and they are mainly efficiency oriented.

Decision Support Systems (DSS) are a specific class of computerized information systems that support business and organizational decision-making activities (Nel, 2011).

Decision support systems (DSS) are interactive information systems that assist a decision maker in approaching ill-structured problems by offering analytical models and access to databases. These systems are designed to support the decision-making process, rather than to render a decision. The hallmark of DSS is flexibility. Personal DSSs should be easy to develop: end-user oriented tools are available for this purpose.

On the other hand, an organizational DSS, used throughout an enterprise, should be developed in a well-planned, disciplined process. All DSSs should be easy to use. DSS were introduced in the 1970s and gained mainstream attention in the 1980s (Zsambok and Klein, 2014). Originally run largely on mainframes, they were bacillus clausii as an evolutionary step of MIS, which at the time were relatively inflexible storehouses of corporate data.

In that environment, DSS were high-end applications reserved for occasional, non-recurring strategic decisions by senior management. For structured decisions, it is possible and desirable to develop computer programs that collect and combine the data, thus, giving the process a high degree of consistency. However, because these tend to be routine and predictable choices, DSS is typically not needed for highly structured decisions.

Instead, there Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA many numbers of automated tools that can make the decision based on the predefined criteria. The principal Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA of DSS is support of decision-making for semi-structured problems, where parts of the decision process itself often require very significant computer support.

Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA are also employed to assist a decision maker facing an unstructured problem, often injecting the necessary factual grounding through access to data. Decision-making to solve unstructured problems is available but within a narrow domain. An ill-structured problem contains elements of both semi-structured and unstructured problems (Pettigrew, 2014). There are two principal modes of DSS analysis are available: What-if mode implies developing scenarios for solution with the assistance of information systems (usually decision support systems) and the Goal-seeking mode establishes the input factors necessary to achieve specified goals (usually with a decision support system).

Using Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA in the decision-making process consists of four steps.

DSSs have several features to offer in the general Management Information System environment of an organization (Galliers and Leidner, 2014). More specifically, according to Pettigrew, DSS capabilities can: support decision-making in ill-structured situations when problems do not lend themselves to full computerization, help to rapidly obtain quantitative results needed to reach a decision, operate in the ad hoc mode to suit the current needs of the user, support easy modification of models, foster high-quality decision-making, facilitate the implementation of decisions, support group decision-making, be Adrucil (Fluorouracil Injection)- FDA friendly, give managers the opportunity to gain a better understanding of their business.

Like every system there are several limitations to the decision support capabilities meaning they are limited in their data-handling capabilities and thus cannot work with large databases, they do not allow for construction of more complex models, modifications to spreadsheets are difficult to keep updated when numerous people use them (Motro and Smets, 2012).

The role of Management Information Systems is described and analyzed in light of its capability for decision-making. According to Davenport (2013), the decision-making process and its impact on top level management in a business organization is explained with an emphasis on automated decision-making.



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