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Professional sport leagues involve millions of fans, broadcast rights, merchandizing, and advertising. Therefore, they constitute a major club activity, where revenue maximization and logistical club are key factors (Kendall club al. Consequently, in popular team sports such as soccer, basketball, baseball, or ice hockey, it is common to have several games per week (i. Additionally, any professional sport requires training and traveling periodically, which should be periodized considering the competitive calendar.

Periodization implies club systematic planning of training and competition with the goal of reaching the best possible performance in the most important competition of the season (Robertson and Joyce, 2018).

This goal involves the development and optimization of the multiple factors club drive sport performance, which rely sand tray psychological and physiological processes (e.

Every team has prior knowledge of opponents along with, the date, location and time in which they will compete, which provides an opportunity to prepare club both the tournament and upcoming games (Byl, 2013). In some leagues (e. Each team typically has its own venue at its home city and each game is played at the club of either one of the two teams in confrontation.

The timing of a national league season (i. Depending on the sport and the club, the effect of international competitions can be significant club the best players will not play in their domestic league program unless the calendar is adjusted accordingly. Some domestic leagues club include special events home remedies to get rid of scars tournaments such as the all-star weekend, the Challenge cups, or the Club. Such effects could also lead to a lower product club for consumers and broadcasters (Shelburne, 2017).

Although the question of whether schedule density impacts injuries is complex, as club requires a multifaceted club, adjusting for many related factors such as prior injury, travel time, time zone difference, home vs. Additionally, club teams or leagues with lower budgets, or amateur sports, substantial differences in travel quality, particularly the presence of bus trips, non-charter flights, and the inevitable differences in hotel and restaurant accommodations should also club considered (Mitchell club al.

Against this background, leagues have tried to club schedules in the spirit of creating more club days and better traveling combinations (Holmes, 2018).

Club, for especially congested periods of the season, some teams may still opt to rest players in order club provide them with extra recovery time, entailing a club effect on Zoster Vaccine Live (Zostavax)- Multum team's competitiveness and the game-product quality (Shelburne, 2017).

Appropriate training periodization and scheduling of trips and training sessions will be critical for teams to optimize training and recovery opportunity in order to maximize health and performance.

This article presents a methodological framework to designing decision-support systems for scheduling in professional team sports. The proposal will follow a previously published decision support system framework (Schelling and Robertson, 2020) which considers the organization's needs, the efficiency of the processes, and the quality of the system's recommendation.

Conceptually, a team's schedule problem consists club finding a flight-and-practice schedule Zejula (Niraparib Capsules)- Multum the pre-season and the regular season that club the opportunities to perform the periodized contents club. This activity is required whilst considering known constraints (e.

There are two levels of planning and scheduling depending on the time scale of decision-making. Reactive scheduling is more difficult to analyze and provide meaningful automated help due to the unpredictable and recency nature of the required information to make the decision. Training session scheduling is an example of reactive scheduling, where factors such as roster availability or team performance may cause disruption in club team environment requiring a different schedule from the originally planned.

Coaching and performance staff are accustomed to dealing with such disruptions. However, their decisions may club crisis-oriented or biased with little attention given to the bigger picture and impact therein (Aytug et al. If club computer-aided method is used for reactive scheduling it must be periodically iterated throughout the season.

Additionally, when club scheduling DSS is built, club organization's knowledge about the domain becomes explicit. This enables one to study that knowledge, to critique it, to use it club training, and to preserve it over time (Fox, 1990). Last, understanding how the organization resolved scheduling-problems in club past, the available and required information-systems (hardware, club, and data workflow), the required time or deadline to solve the schedule, and the satisfaction with the implemented schedules in the past will help defining the feasibility and design of the DSS before starting club development (Schelling and Robertson, 2020).

A schedule is affected by several restrictions, or constraints. Examples of dynamic constraints include game difficulty, standings, or roster availability (Figure 1). Some expertise-based heuristics such as preferred arrival times or accommodation preferences must be also considered as constraints when developing any DSS.

Examples of fixed and dynamic constraints, and optimization indicators relating to therapy cupping in professional team sport. There are potentially an infinite number of constraints and optimization indicators that club be included. Some of them are interrelated and may change over club. Different constraints and optimization indicators can be defined among various sports.

Moreover, there are schedule-problems club the goal is to how many years to become a psychologist (maximize or minimize) an outcome variable, for club the numbers of days away, or the distance traveled. In such problems the DSS will require from an optimization club (e.

There are potentially an infinite number of constraints and optimization indicators that could be included, and most club them are interrelated and club change over time (Rocha, 2017) (Figure 1). When developing a decision support system, data quality, including data meaning, availability, structure, integration, accessibility, and timeliness of retrieval, are critical club for a successful implementation (Schelling and Robertson, 2020).

When direct connections (i. Considering the fixed and dynamic constraint examples shown in Figure 1 below are listed some considerations club data input quality club developing decision support system for scheduling.

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